In 1905, at the age of 24, Hans Wilsdorf founded a company in London specialising in the distribution of timepieces. He began to dream of a watch worn on the wrist. Wristwatches
were not very precise at the time, but Hans Wilsdorf foresaw that they could become not
only elegant, but also reliable. To convince the public of the reliability of his resolutely innovative timepieces, he equipped
them with small, very precise movements manufactured by a Swiss watchmaking company
Four years later, in 1914, Kew Observatory in Great Britain awarded a Rolex wristwatch a class “A” precision certificate, a distinction which until that point in time had been reserved exclusively for marine chronometers. From that date forward, the Rolex wristwatch was synonymous with precision.
Rolex moved to Geneva, a city renowned internationally for watchmaking. Montres Rolex S.A. was registered in Geneva in 1920.
In 1926, the creation by Rolex of the first waterproof and dustproof wristwatch marked a major step forward. Given the name “Oyster”, this watch featured a hermetically sealed case which provided optimal protection for the movement.
It is one thing to claim a watch is waterproof. It is quite another to prove it. In 1927 a Rolex Oyster crossed the English Channel, worn by a young English swimmer named Mercedes Gleitze. The swim lasted over 10 hours and the watch remained in perfect working order at the end of it. Read more..
Submariner Oyster Perpetual
The Oyster Perpetual Submariner, the archetype of the diver’s watch, epitomizes the pioneering link between Rolex and the underwater world.
Submariner Oyster Perpetual is the quintessential divers’ watch, the benchmark in its genre. Introduced in 1953 during the pioneering era for scuba diving, it was the first watch to be water-resistant to 100 metres (330 feet). This iconic timepiece has since evolved with a series of patented Rolex technical innovations, guaranteeing its reliability and precision down to depths of 300 metres (1,000 feet). At home in the oceans, where it remains an indispensable instrument for every diver, the Submariner has also conquered terra firma as the watch of action with a rugged elegance of its own. The Submariner is available with and without the date function.
Model case: Oyster, 40 mm, steel
Oyster architecture: Monobloc middle case, screw-down case back and winding crown
Diameter: 40 mm
Material: 904L steel
Bezel Unidirectional rotatable 60-minute graduated, scratch-resistant Cerachrom insert in ceramic, numerals and graduations coated in platinum
Winding crown: Screw-down, Triplock triple waterproofness system
Crystal: Scratch-resistant sapphire
Water-resistance: Waterproof to 300 metres / 1,000 feet
Movement: Perpetual, mechanical, self-winding
Calibre: 3130, Manufacture Rolex
Functions: Centre hour, minute and seconds hands. Stop-seconds for precise time setting
Precision: Officially certified Swiss chronometer (COSC)
Oscillator: Paramagnetic blue Parachrom hairspring
Winding: Bidirectional self-winding via Perpetual rotor
Bracelet: Oyster, flat three-piece links
Bracelet material: 904L steel
Clasp: Folding Oysterlock safety clasp with Rolex Glidelock extension system
Details: Highly legible Chromalight display with long-lasting blue luminescence
Rolex and James Bond have a strong connection. Before Omega started supplying the watches for 007, Bond used a Rolex in several movies: Dr. No, From Russia With Love, Goldfinger, Thunderball, On Her Majesty's Secret Service, Live and Let Die, The Man with the Golden Gun, Licence to Kill, The Living Daylights.
Submariner Oyster Perpetual wristwatch 6538: 1962. “Dr No,” Sean Connery as Ian Fleming’s James Bond 007
Submariner Oyster Perpetual wristwatch 6538: 1963. “From Russia with Love,” Sean Connery as Ian Fleming’s James Bond 007
Submariner Oyster Perpetual wristwatch 6538: 1964. “Goldfinger,” Sean Connery as Ian Fleming’s James Bond 007
Submariner Oyster Perpetual wristwatch 6538: 1965. “Thunderball,” Sean Connery as Ian Fleming’s James Bond 007
Submariner Oyster Perpetual wristwatch 5513: 1969. “On Her Majesty’s Secret Service,” George Lazenby as Ian Fleming’s James Bond 007
(Pre-Daytona) Chronograph wristwatch 6238: 1969. “On Her Majesty’s Secret Service,” George Lazenby as Ian Fleming’s James Bond 007
Submariner Oyster Perpetual wristwatch 5513: 1973. “Live and Let Die,” Roger Moore as Ian Fleming’s James Bond 007
Submariner Oyster Perpetual wristwatch 5513: 1974. “The Man with the Golden Gun,” Roger Moore as Ian Fleming’s James Bond 007
Seamaster wristwatch 2541.80: 1989. “Licence to Kill,” Timothy Dalton as Ian Fleming’s James Bond 007