Natural locations, with a variety of eco-systems and a high degree of biodiversity in world terms; it is one the few countries in the world that can offer the traveler sun and beaches, snow sports, and adventure in the tropical jungle at any time of year.
Historical structures show the signs of civilization from Paleolithic times through various stages of Andean cultures until they reached their prime in the grand buildings of the Incas.
Folklore, with expressions of dance, music, gastronomy and crafts that are unique to each one of the regions.
Iquitos, capital of the department of Loreto, is Peru’s main port along the Amazon River. The city founded in 1757 began to boom from 1881 onwards as a result of the rubber tapping industry. One can still see signs of that economic bonanza in biuldings such as the old Hotel Palace built in Art Nouveau style with materials brought from Europe, and Casa de Fierro, designed by French architect Gustave Eiffel. These constructions contrast with rustic homes that line the Belen quarter, where all constructions rest on pilings due to the fact of the river rising several meters during the rain season. A boatride, along the major rivers and lakes around Iquitos, is particularly bewitching for visitors. Native tribes mainly live along the banks of the Amazon, Napo, Ucayali, Marañon and Nanay Rivers
The most popular beaches are Tunchi Playa, on Lake Quistococha, and Santa Clara and Santo Tomás along the Nanay River, which are ideal for water sports.
The park is located in the department of Ancash, in the Cordillera Blanca which is, the world’s highest tropical mountain chain. It was established as a national park in 1975 with an area of 340,000 hectares, and it was declared Mankind Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985.
The park is home to one of the most extraordinary high-mountain eco-systems on Earth: 663 glaciers, 269 lakes and 41 rivers, as well as hundreds of mountain peaks, 26 of which top 6,000 meters (19680 feet). The park teems with an extraordinary variety of flora and fauna, including 800 plant species and dozens of kinds of animals. It is also the site of 33 pre-Inca archaeological complexes (such as Wilcahuain) and dozens of Quechua-speaking peasant farming communities who use traditional farming and livestock herding techniques.
Located in the department of Ancash, the Cordillera Blanca, held to be the Peruvian mountain climbing capital, rears up on the eastern flank of the Santa River Valley, in the Callejón de Huaylas valley. This mountain chain features the largest number of spectacularly beautiful peaks in the country, including Mount Huascarán 6,768 masl (22,200 feet); Huandoy, with three peaks, all over 6,000 meters (19,680 feet); Chopicalqui 6,354 meters (20,841 feet);Chacraraju 6,112 meters (20,047 feet); Alpamayo 5,947 meters (19,506 feet) and Copa 6,118 meters (20,067 feet).
Chiclayo is a part of Peru where the tropical sun, desert oases and fresh sea breeze come together. Legend has it that the god Naylamp sailed here with a vast retinue thousands of years ago to find his empire. In fact, many ancient civilizations saw the strategic advantage of controlling this region. Today, it is a major business hub in northern Peru, where routes come together from the coast, highlands and jungle. Chiclayo is the capital of the department of Lambayeque, which gave rise to the Mochica culture from the first to the seventh century AD.
Near the town of Sipán, 35 km (22 miles) from Chiclayo, lies Huaca Rajada, a complex where archaeologists discovered the tomb of the Lord of Sipán, a high-ranking leader whose body was accompanied by gold relics and jewelry. The treasure trove is on exhibition at the brand new museum: Museo Tumbas Reales de Sipan.
Another major complex is that of Túcume, also known as the Valley of the pyramids, because there are 26 of them. Visitors can take in archaeological sites and the natural landscape, as well as experience folk healing and a culture interchange in general, thanks to the active participation of the community in the preservation of their natural and cultural heritage.
The territory of Lima, capital of Peru and of the department of Lima, was inhabited by civilizations that had gauged its wealth and strategic location centuries before it was founded as the City of Kings. Proof of that can be seen in the countless huacas or temples that dotted the valley, particularly the Pachacamac shrine, a major pilgrimage center during the Inca empire. This spurred Spanish Conqueror Francisco Pizarro to chose the Rimac River Valley for the capital in 1535 as its location by the sea provided a link with sailing routes.
Lima, the main gateway to Perú, is a major city bustling with living history and movement. It is an ethnic melting pot, featuring pre-Hispanic, colonial and modern elements. The metropolis is also surrounded by every aspect of Nature: the sea, islands, mountains, desert and plant life. Its various quarters feature a city of more than 8 millions souls with an active nightlife and well-endowed cultural scene, as well as plentiful public transport and non-stop activities.
1 - Pack lightly, and only pack what you're willing to carry.
2 - Book Reservations Early for Machu Picchu, Inka Trail.
3- Check Your Documents, Passports should be renewed or obtained early. Your passport must be valid for (6) months from the date of travel. If it is about to expire you will not be granted entrance to Peru. Check the visa requirements for your destination. Travelers from the USA, UK, Japan, Australia, and New Zealand are automatically granted a visa upon entrance to Peru. Make two copies of your travel documents including air and land itineraries and your passports, and leave one copy with friends or family at home, along with the telephone numbers for contacting you in Peru. Keep a copy separate from your other documents. Carry your money, passport, and credit card with you in a money belt, inside your clothing, unless locked in a hotel safe.
5 - Don't exchange money in the street.
6 - NEVER drink tap water or use ice cubes made from tap water, as they contain harmful bacteria. Do NOT eat food purchased from street vendors.
7 - The Trouble with Taxis, whenever possible use a licensed taxi company, or ask your hotel to guarantee a cab. Notify someone where you are going and when you will be expected back.